Île d’Europa

Ramsar logo

Île d’Europa

  • Pays: 
  • Numéro du site: 
  • Superficie: 
    205'800 ha
  • Date d’inscription: 
  • Coordonnées: 
    22°21'S 40°21'E
Le matériel présenté sur ce site web, et en particulier les cartes et l’information territoriale, est tel qu’il apparaît dans les données disponibles et n’implique en aucune manière l’expression d’une opinion quelconque de la part du Secrétariat de la Convention de Ramsar concernant le statut juridique de tout pays, territoire, ville ou zone, ou de ses autorités, ou concernant la délimitation de ses frontières ou limites.


Ile d'Europa (Terres Australes et Antarctiques francaises). 27/10/11; Terres Australes et Antarctiques françaises; 205,800 ha; 22°21'00"S 040°21'00"E. Nature Reserve, Important Bird Area (IBA). A low-lying island of coral origin in the Mozambique Channel with a central lagoon enclosed by mangroves. The island itself is surrounded by a "fringing reef", interrupted by sandy beaches, which constitute one of the world's most important breeding and nesting sites for the globally endangered Green Sea Turtle Chelonia mydas. The site also offers habitat to the globally endangered Madagascar Pond Heron Ardeola idea, Fin whale Balaenoptera physalus and Hammerhead Shark Sphyrna lewini. It supports a high number of nesting sea birds including two subspecies endemic to the Indian Ocean: Audubon's Shearwater Puffinus lhermiieri bailloni and Sooty Tern Sterna fuscata nubilosa. Reefs, mangroves and sea grass beds are critical in protecting and stabilizing the island's coastline and supporting nesting bird and fish species. Largely undisturbed by human activities, the island is of great scientific significance, constituting an open-air laboratory for the study of the natural evolution of island ecosystems and global change. Threatening factors include introduced species such as goats and rats as well as several plant species. Ramsar Site number: 2073. Most recent RIS information: 2012.

Région administrative: 
Terres Australes et Antarctiques Fracaises

  • Inscription légale nationale: 
    • Réserve naturelle
  • Date de dernière publication: 


Fiche descriptive Ramsar (FDR)

Rapports et documents complémentaires