Oasis de Tamantit et Sid Ahmed Timmi

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Oasis de Tamantit et Sid Ahmed Timmi

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    95,700 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    27°45'N 00°15'E
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Oasis de Tamantit et Sid Ahmed Timmi. 02/02/01; Adrar; 95,700 ha; 27°45'N 000°15'E. National Heritage Monument. A succession of several oases, each overlooked by an ancient Ksar (fortress) and associated village, with palm cultivation below. Residents practice the traditional method of distribution of water for irrigation by means of "fouggara", a human-made hydraulic system said to have originated in Persia and been introduced to the Maghreb during the Arab conquest of the 7th century. The site is classed as, among others, wetland type Zk(c), probably the first human-made subterranean hydrological system' in the Ramsar List. The isolation of the site and the hostile environmental conditions have favored the evolution of a very interesting biological diversity. Depletion of groundwater reserves, caused in part by increasing use of modern agricultural pump-irrigation and monoculture, is seen as a potential threat, as is continuous advance of the "ergs" or wind-driven sand dunes. There is some tourism, with pedestrian and camel-back tours of the Ksars and fouggara, and local crafts are in considerable demand. Ramsar site no. 1061. Most recent RIS information: 2001.

Administrative region: 
Wilaya d'Adrar

  • National legal designation: 
    • National Heritage Monument
  • Last publication date: 


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