Lac Tchad

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Lac Tchad

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  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    340,423 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    14°15'N 13°20'E
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Lac Tchad. 17/06/01. Diffa. 340,423 ha. 14°15'N 013°20'E. Lake Chad, much reduced in area in recent years, is still the fourth largest lake in Africa (after Victoria, Tanganyika, and Nyassa) and apparently the third largest endorrheic lake in the world (after the Aral and Caspian seas). The Niger portion of the shallow lake is extremely rich in biodiversity, particularly in migratory birds but also in its 120 species of fish. In an arid and semi-arid environment of very little rainfall, the supply of water depends upon the rainfall fluctuations in the wider catchment, which have generally not been favorable in recent years. Serious drops in fish production in recent decades remain ominous despite very recent encouraging signs. Traditional nomadic livestock practices present a threat in terms of desertification and require improved management. Ramsar site no. 1072.Most recent RIS information: 2000.

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