Zone humide du moyen Niger
- Site number:1073
- Area:52,180 ha
- Designation date:17-06-2001
- Coordinates:12°07'N 03°11'E
Part of a wetland shared with Benin and Nigeria, the Site comprises the left bank of the River Niger and its floodplains with their permanent and seasonal ponds and watercourses. Its regionally unique habitat supports waterbirds and fish, in particular several fish species that have disappeared elsewhere along the River. It provides habitat for thousands of water birds during the low water period. Inundation occurs over four or five months, from rains in August through to the arrival of floods from upstream in November, and the Site thus plays a key role in the hydrological cycle of the region. The tough herbaceous plant Anthephora nigritana is found, but the vegetation is dominated by Echinochloa stagnina; this grass provides local communities with pasture for their livestock, which they raise in addition to their traditional pursuits of diversified agriculture and fishing. Though the land is state-owned, the inhabitants have age-old rights of use. Tourism is beginning in the area, and no-hunting mechanisms have been instituted to encourage birdwatching. A regional management plan for parks and reserves was being developed as of 2018 by Benin, Burkina Faso, and Niger.
The "Complexe transfrontalier W-Arly-Pendjari" transboundary Ramsar Site was declared in 2018 and includes the following Sites:
Benin: Site Ramsar du Complexe W and Zone Humide de la Rivière Pendjari;
Burkina Faso: Parc National d'Arly and Parc National du W;
Niger: Parc national du W and Zone humide du moyen Niger.
- Global international designation:
- UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
- Last publication date:13-04-2018