Garaet Annk Djemel et El Merhsel
- Site number:1420
- Area:18,140 ha
- Designation date:12-12-2004
- Coordinates:35°47'N 06°48'E
The Site is made up of a chott and a sebkha, a salt lake surrounded by a belt of Salicornia, Artemisia and Atriplex vegetation, fed by temporary rivers, precipitation and runoff. During summer the high evaporation rates lead to the creation of salt encrustations, which are valuable habitats for some bird species. The Site hosts the vulnerable marbled teal Marmaronetta angustirostris, as well as over 12% of the biogeographic population of common shelduck Tadorna tadorna and over 2% of the population of greater flamingo Phoenicopterus roseus. It also plays an important role in flood control and sediment capture. The local population harvests salt and farms the surrounding areas. Erosion is caused by the characteristics of the rocks, torrential rains and the absence of vegetation which is worsened by permanent ovine and bovine overgrazing. There is no scientific, tourist or educational activity, but the Site could potentially support environmental awareness-raising.
- Last publication date:09-05-2019