Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park
- Site number:1944
- Area:105,194 ha
- Designation date:06-03-2011
- Coordinates:04°28'S 121°58'E
Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park. 06/03/2011; Province of South East Sulawesi; 105,194 ha; 04°28'S 121°59'E.
Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park is one of the most important conservation areas in the Wallacea region, consisting of mangroves, savannah, peat swamps, lowland tropical rain forests and sub-montane forests.
The site is biologically rich, with over five hundred recorded species of flora, two hundred species of birds, eleven species of reptiles and over twenty species of fish and mammals. Many endemic and threatened species are found here, with over fifteen mammal species endemic to Sulawesi such as the endangered Lowland Anoa (Bubalus depressicornis) and vulnerable Sulawesi Civet (Macrogalidia musschenbroeckii). The Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park is an important stopover for migratory waterbirds. The waterbird migration route passes through the Philippine Islands, through Sangihe Talaud (North Sulawesi), and transits through this site before entering Borneo. It supports a population of over 170 vulnerable Milky Stork (Mycteria cinerea)which is morethan 3% of the world population. This site contains the only remaining large mangrove habitat in South East Sulawesi that is an important nursery and spawning area for fish, prawns and crabs.
Swamps within the national park (particularly Aopa Peat Swamp) are important regulators of water. It acts as a reservoir for freshwater, while run-off habitats help to control water discharge. Aopa Swamp is the only representative peatswamp wetland in Sulawesi.
Threats to the site include illegal logging, poaching of waterbirds and collection of eggs. A section of the Aopa Swamp is being drained to direct water into surrounding agricultural areas.
Rawa Aopa Watumohai National Park Office (under the management of the Ministry of Forestry) is responsible for the management of this site. Ramsar Site n.1944. Most recent RIS information: 2011.
- National legal designation:
- National Park
- Last publication date:06-03-2011