U Minh Thuong National Park
- Country:Viet Nam
- Site number:2228
- Area:8,038 ha
- Designation date:30-04-2015
- Coordinates:09°35'N 105°05'E
U Minh Thuong National Park is one of the last remnants of climax peat swamp forest in the biogeographic region, dominated by mixed forests and Melaleuca forests on peat that covers around 3,000 ha (approximately 37%) of the Park. The Site is recognized as one of the three highest priority sites for wetland conservation in the Mekong Delta. It is home to distinctive flora and fauna including 32 mammal species, 187 bird species, 34 reptile and amphibian species, 37 fish species, and 203 insect species. Many of these are globally threatened, including the endangered yellow-breasted bunting (Emberiza aureola), yellow-headed temple turtle (Heosemys annandalii), Sunda pangolin (Manis javanica) and fishing cat (Prionailurus viverrinus). It is also one of the only three sites in the world known to support a population of the endangered hairy-nosed otter (Lutra sumatrana). The Site regularly hosts more than 20,000 waterbirds. Most of the fish species observed are native and the distribution of eight of these is restricted to the lower Mekong Basin.
U Minh Thuong National Park supports large areas of peat layers and a complex system of canals that can store a large volume of water. It functions as a sponge that maintains the groundwater level and releases surface water to the surrounding areas, and supports production and daily activities of the local communities surrounding the Park. In addition, the Site is of significant spiritual, historical, archaeological, educational and scientific value.
- Global international designation:
- UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
- National legal designation:
- National Park
- Regional (international) legal designations:
- Other international designation
- Last publication date:26-05-2015