Marjal de Almenara

Marjal de Almenara. Vista general
Marjal de Almenara. Vista general
Marjal de Almenara. Vista general
Marjal de Almenara. Detalle de zona de surgencia
Marjal de Almenara. Detalle de estany con Ceratophyllums demersum
Generalitat Valenciana. Tareas de muestreo (seguimiento de calidad de aguas) efectuado por voluntarios

Marjal de Almenara

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    1,473.9 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    39°44'N 00°11'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


The Site is a typical example of the marshes along the coast of the Gulf of Valencia, which formed as old lagoons gradually filled with sediments due to longshore drift; it is fed by fresh water from the nearby mountains. The Site is made up of three small estanys (lagoons) ranging from 0.6 hectares to 6.2 ha and up to ten metres deep, which collect fresh water upwelling from nearby springs. It also includes freshwater marsh areas (some of which are almost permanently flooded), dunes, reed beds and salt marshes, as well as multiple canals and ditches. Some horticultural and citrus cultivation areas are included within the Site. At least 40 taxa which are threatened or of special interest are present, including 26 bird species such as the globally threatened marbled duck Marmaronetta angustirostris. Six endangered and four endemic species of fish are recorded, including the critically endangered Valencia toothcarp Valencia hispanica. Three priority habitats of European importance are also present. Despite being affected by human settlements, the Site has been little transformed and near-permanent flooding continues, while the coastal strip of the marsh is in a remarkably good state of conservation. The information centre La Casa Penya conducts educational activities.

Administrative region: 
Comunidad Valenciana

  • National legal designation: 
    • Zona húmeda catalogada en el “Catálogo de Zonas Húmedas de la Comunitat Valenciana
    • Zona húmeda incluida en el “Inventario Español de Zonas Húmedas
    • Reserva de fauna (Finca de Penya)
    • Microrreserva de flora (Torberes d’Almardà)
    • Microrreserva de flora (Estanys d’Almenara)
    • Microrreserva de flora (Platja d’Almenara)
  • Regional (international) legal designations: 
    • EU Natura 2000
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

Additional reports and documents