Réserve Spéciale de Faune de Gueumbeul

La cuvette de Gueumbeul, seul plan d’eau de la RSFG
Colonie d'avocettes
Décompte de l'avifaune au niveau de la RSFG
Gazelles dorcas
Oryx algazelle
Ouvrage vanné de Bountou Batt

Réserve Spéciale de Faune de Gueumbeul

  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    720 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    15°55'N 16°27'W
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


The Site is an extensive saline lagoon surrounded by Sahelian vegetation and fed by seasonal rainfall and saltwater inflow from the Senegal River estuary. Native species include desert warthog (Phacochoerus aethiopicus), patas monkey (Erythrocebus patas), African spurred tortoise (Geochelone sulcata) African rock python (Python sebae), as well as mongooses, pale foxes and genets. The permanent presence of water supports Afro-tropical and migratory Western Palearctic birds, such as black-tailed godwit (Limosa limosa), lesser flamingo (Phoeniconaias minor), Eurasian spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia) and pied avocet (Recurvirostra avosetta), of which the largest concentrations in Senegal are recorded in this reserve. The reserve is gradually degrading due to a combination of factors, including the effects of the Diama dam which has reduced the inflow of freshwater, drought, salinization, the lowering of the water table and siltation of water tanks. Human activities include nature conservation and education, tourism, and recreation. A management plan and safeguarding policy are being implemented and are enabling the regeneration of the Sahelian vegetation.

Administrative region: 
Saint Louis

  • Global international designation: 
    • UNESCO Biosphere Reserve
  • National legal designation: 
    • special wildlife reserve
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

Additional reports and documents