Ramsar logo


  • Country: 
  • Site number: 
  • Area: 
    39,639 ha
  • Designation date: 
  • Coordinates: 
    58°25'N 25°04'E
Materials presented on this website, particularly maps and territorial information, are as-is and as-available based on available data and do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat of the Ramsar Convention concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area, or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.


Soomaa.17/06/97; Pärnu & Viljandi Counties; 39,639 ha; 58°25'N 025°05'E. National Park, Natura 2000 (SCI and SPA), Pan Parks wilderness area, IBA. A valuable wilderness area composed of a bog complex, fens, rivers with floodplain and wooded meadows, surrounded by extensive forests and carrs. The site is subject to annual floods over a vast area and comprises some of the best preserved large bogs in Estonia, with very high species diversity, including 524 species of vascular plants. Numerous species of waterbirds, many of them threatened, use the area for roosting and as a stopover point during autumn migration. 36 species of mammals like Otter Lutra lutra and Flying Squirrel Pteromys volans occur at the site. The site is important for groundwater recharge, the maintenance of water quality and flood control. Human activities include research, extensive forestry, small-scale agriculture and increasingly nature-based tourism, and a visitor's centre was constructed in 1998 which includes 10 educational trails and viewing towers. The site received the European Destination of Excellence (EDEN) award in 2009. (The site has been extended in 2012 from originally 37,169 ha.) Ramsar Site no. 912. Most recent RIS information: 2012.

Administrative region: 
Pärnu,Viljandi Counties

  • National legal designation: 
    • national park
  • Regional (international) legal designations: 
    • EU Natura 2000
  • Last publication date: 


Ramsar Information Sheet (RIS)

Site map

Additional reports and documents